Laureate of the Laboratory for Excellence project (LabEx) in the program « Investment in the future », the DRIIHM LabEx, Device for Interdisciplinary Research on human-environments Interactions, aggregate 111 human-environments observatories (OHM in french). Their network (ROHM in french) is a CNRS-INEE tool since 2007. This LabEx was set up for 8 years (February 2012-December 2019) with a € 6.5 million budget.
1 11 observatories : Provence coalfield, Oyapock (French Guyana), Estarreja (Portugal), Téssékéré (Sénégal), Pyrénées-Haut Vicdessos, Rhône Valley, French mediterranean coastal zone, Nunavik (Canada), Bitche county, Pima County (USA) and Caraïbe port.
The DRIIHM helps the OHM in their mission : observe anthropized socio-ecosystems and their complexity. Search tool, it organizes observations, experiments, modeling and data preservation to contribute to sustainable development.
The Device develops the pooling of resources, skills, experiences and reflections. It ensures the long-term conservation of the work of the community, data or metadata, by promoting the harmonization of practices and ensuring their sustainability and availability.
As a LabEx the DRIIHM is an intermediary between research and civil society, political actors and society.
Promote applied research in Ecology (Biodiversity andhuman-environments interactions) to respond to the complexity of the anthropized socio-ecosystems. These actions are :
- Funding of research projects, doctoral and post-doctoral contracts. Research projects are opened under OHM or their network.
- Linking OHM data to promote their availability, consultation and hybridization of questions, the co-construction, sharing of expertise and pooling of tools and knowledge.
- Scientific activities through annual meetings (seminars, theme days, summer schools ...) to stimulate reflection on the OHM system, to theorize on practices, to create a real community and improve its functioning.
- Home of a renowned scientist, to animate the device for a year focusing on the research topic that is his in the thinking in OHM perspective.
- Communication to civil society, participation in the celebration of science, receptions school, conference or restitution about research, broadcast journalism media.
Networking, OHMs monitoring and the operation of the device are provided by various bodies: a governing board, a scientific council, a conference of OHMs directors, a council of strategic direction, and project managers. Scientific and technical director incorporates all these bodies.
- Stéphanie Thiébault, palaeobotanist - INEE Director
- Bruno David, ecologist - INEE Project manager
- Luc Abbadie, ecologist - l'IEES Paris Director
- Robert Chenorkian, pre-historian, OHMs creator - DAS in charge of monitoring and development of OHMs and scientific and technical director of the LabEx
The scientific council is a consultative body responsible for assisting the scientific and technical director and the governing board in scientific monitoring. It consists of eight scientists (currently a renewal) chosen for their experience and expertise in the DRIIHM research areas.
- Yildiz Aumeeruddy Thomas, ethnobiologist, ethnobotanist - DR CNRS, UMR5175 CEFE
- Stéphane Blanc, biologist - DR CNRS, DAS INEE, IPHC, Future Earth, MI
- Hélène Budzinski, physicologist, toxicologist-chemist of natural systems and organic contaminants - DR CNRS, UMR 5255, ISM
- Agathe Euzen, anthropologist, environmentalist - CR CNRS, LATTS
- Josette Garnier, hydrobiologist, biologist, geochemist - DR CNRS President , FR 3020, FIRE
- Nathalie Hervé-Fournereau, environment lawyer - DR CNRS, UMR 6224, IODE
- Thierry Heulin microbiologist - iBEB Director (CNRS - CEA / DSV), ECCOREV Deputy Director
- Yves Perrette, archivist, geo-physical-chemist - CR CNRS, UMR 5204, EDYTEM
The OHM Conference directors provides running the network and examines the evolution of the network (creation of new OHM, changes in the perimeter of certains Observatories, ...) and mediates between the network and the institutional and academic partners. It consists of the scientific and technical director of the LabEx, who presides, and all directors and OHM do-directors :
- Sylvie Blangy (socio-geographer IR), Monique Bernier (geography PR - remote sensing) for Nunavik OHMI
- Gilles Boëtsch (bio-anthropologis DRt) Alliou Guissé (botanist Pr) for OHIM Tessékéré OHM
- Damien Davy (ethnologist IR) for Oyapock OHM
- Didier Galop (palaeobotanist DR) for Vicdessos OHM Top OHM
- Anne-Marie Guihard-Costa (bio-anthropologist DR), Eduardo Da Silva (Geosciences Pr) for Estarreja OHMI
- Yves Noack (atmospheric chemist DR) for Bassin Minier de Provence OHM
- Hervé Piégay (geographer DR) for OHM Rhone Valley OHM
- Franck Poupeau (sociologist DR) for Pima County OHM
- Samuel Robert (geographer CR) for Littoral Méditerranéen OHM
The Strategic Orientation Committee (COS) meets the leadership of the device, the CoDir and representatives of partners who invest in the device : organizations or ministries, academic partners, economic partners. It is being finalized.
Project managers : some actions of the device requires skills and regular monitoring : device governance, communication around the device, databases establishment and computer maintenance.
- Governance Project Manager : Corinne Pardo
- Responsible for IT Project and Database : Georges Hinot
- Communication Project Manager : ongoing recruitment
The OHM have themselves animation and governance structures, with a governing board, a steering committee and a strategic planning committee.
The DRIIHM is open to all potential partners. Their involvement can be at different levels of governance: steering committees, OHM strategic boards directions or LabEx strategic board direction. During the project selection by ARN, 125 partnerships were already identified : 60% with research units (77), rest with organizations or local authorities (17), administrations (12) or environmental management organizations (12).
Companies are invited to participate in support of a specific research or test specific equipment, integration into an information network ... For now these partnerships developed at the OHM (Veolia, Klorane and EDF for Tessékéré OHIM, EDF for Haut-Vicdessos OHM, Rio Tinto, Lafarge Ciments and SNET for Bassin minier de Provence OHM). A privileged entry is also possible in the network through participation on specific topics proposed for APR.
The relationship with local authorities (municipalities, municipal associations, state, region) and the populations (residents, users, associations ...) is essential given the DRIIHM studies. The work carried are about highly sensitive themes (result of pollution and resilience, public health issues, efficiency of remediation ...),and it is important to make progress by informing the authorities and the populations or in partnership with them. The working logic of DRIIHM includes actors in all questions, since the co-construction projects at the presentation of the results.
An OHM is a study tool of anthropized socio-ecosystems, designed to meet their complexity through a comprehensive approach combining environmental sciences and creating the dynamics for the development of interdisciplinarity. Each OHM is organized around a focal object – which will be studied by the sciences of the environment – a founding event came deeply upset (eg : a mining area – objet – and stop operation – event founder). Beyond this framework, OHM organize moments of exchange between all disciplines to allow their interactions. They build together the OHM project, identify issues to be addressed and periodically re-evaluate their appropriateness in light of the progress of the research undertaken and exchanges that accompany them.
The OHM have three functions of research and observation, organization and sustainability data, and facilitating operations incentive to reflection and scientific exchange. Their purpose is interdisciplinary applied to the study of anthropized socio-ecosystems, creating the conditions for the appearance of links between disciplines and promoting the development of interdisciplinary issues in the study of complex systems. The OHM system is thus a tool to promote interdisciplinarity in the field of global ecology.
This system was designed and created by the CNRS in 2007, in the Department of Environment and Sustainable Development, then in Ecology and Environment Institute (INEE), where he has developed since. It is now composed of 11 national and international observatories (Provence coalfield, Oyapock (French Guyana), Estarreja (Portugal), Téssékéré (Sénégal), Pyrénées-Haut Vicdessos, Rhône Valley, French mediterranean coastal zone, Nunavik (Canada), Bitche county, Pima County (USA) and Caraïbe port.).
- Written by Corinne
Circulations, borders ans cities in the Guianas
November 7th to 9th 2018, University of French Guiana, Cayenne
Building on the work of researchers and specialists in the last decades, recent initiatives are revitalizing thought about the changes in the French Guiana’s borders, whether at the scale of French Guiana or the Guiana Shield (Blancodini P., 2010 ; Morel, Letniowska-Swiat, 2012 ; AUDeG, 2013 ; CAUE de Guyane, 2014 ; Carlin et al., 2014 ; Collomb & Mam Lam Fouk, 2016). The analysis of the borders has been focused on the geopolitical stakes for many years due to many border disputes, including the « contested conflict » between France and Brazil (Vidal de La Blache, 1901 ; Lézy, 2000 ; Granger, 2011 ; Théry, 2015 ; Ferretti, 2014) or between Venezuela and Guyana (de Vilhena Silva, 2017). The contemporary approaches no longer reduce boundaries to their status as limits between territorial entities. We can say that the Guianas’ borders, in particular fluvial, have a « thickness » (Agier, 2013), which allows them to be learned as spaces of exchange, active margins and creators of urban evolutions. Cross-border areas, which are often extended to the internal borders, constitute areas of mutation, where old socio-spatial structures interact with recent dynamics of settlement and development (das Chagas Martins et al., 2016). Thus, the purpose of this symposium is to question the transformations experienced by these border areas from the Amazon to the Orinoco. The attention will be focused on interactions between circulations, margins and cities in the Guianas, analysed according to three axes:
- Circulations and mobilities
- Borders and margins
- Economic sectors and urban dynamics
This symposium is aimed primarily at researchers and young researchers in the social sciences (geography, economy, anthropology, sociology, history, political science). Languages used in the symposium are: French, English and Portuguese.
Abstracts of papers made in two of these languages (200 words, with five keywords) are expected by July 10, 2018.
The deposit of abstracts is done on the website of the symposium : cfvg.sciencesconf.org.
The abstracts will be reviewed by the Scientific Committee and notices will be sent on September 15, 2018.
- Written by Corinne
Le comité de direction du Labex DRIIHM s'est réuni le 28 février 2018 après-midi. Vous trouverez ci-dessous les résultats de leur évaluation des 16 projets postdoctoraux et 5 projets ROHM soumis.
Félicitations aux lauréats !
Résultats des projets post-doctoraux lauréats de l’APR 2018 du Labex DRIIHM
1 OHM Tessékéré - Physical Activity Transition and weight: Study of the epidemiological transition of the Peuls around the Great Green Wall
2 OHM Port Caraïbe - Vers un concept d’écologie portuaire : analyse sémantique de corpus bibliographiques selon le concept des phylomémies
3 OHM Pima County - La mobilisation des normes transnationales dans les conflits socioenvironnementaux: une comparaison sud nord des contestations dans les bassins miniers
1 OHM Estarreja et Littoral Méditerranéen - HESTAFOS - Quels savoirs pour améliorer l'habitabilité des territoires soumis à des pollutions comme Fos-sur-Mer (France) et Estarreja (Portugal) ?
Résultats des projets ROHM lauréats de l’APR 2018 du Labex DRIIHM
OHM BMP et LittMed - Risque sanitaire posé par l’exposition des enfants en bas âge aux hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques via les poussières de sol. (Acronyme: CHIPPs pour CHIldren exposition to Particulate PAHs)
OHM Tessékéré et Estarreja - TesseRESPIRA – A comparative study of environmental risk factors for the progression of pulmonary diseases between Tessekéré (Senegal) and Estarreja (Portugal)phylomémies
OHM Vallée du Rhône et Estarreja - Anthropoécosystème et rôle de la matière organique sur la mobilité des polluants (AMO2)
OHM Estarreja et LittMed - ESFORISK : Réflexion collective sur les savoirs nécessaires à l'amélioration de l'habitabilité des territoires soumis à des cumuls de pollution (Fos-sur-Mer, France et Estarreja, Portugal)
- Written by Corinne Pardo
- Written by Corinne
The new call for projects Labex DRIIHM-IRDHEI 2018 has been launched.
- Launch of the call: 15 October 2017
- Deadline submission project proposals: 30 November 2017
- Deadline peer review assessments and results of OHM projects : 8 January 2018
- Results of call for ROHM projects and Post-Docs fellowships: February 2018
The Human-Environment Observatories are devoted to the study of socio-ecosystems that have been affected by humans in ecological, economical and social respects and that are undergoing substantial transformations due to a major disruptive event. They are an ideal tool for observing, analysing, experimenting with and modelling current environmental questions and issues related to an identified geographical region.
Theirs objectives are to promote the interdisciplinary research by integrating issues associated with the biological sciences, geosciences and social sciences ; in this way develop global ecology studies and accumulate interoperable datas (documents, archives, publications, pictures, maps...) in shared databases.
This call is intended to encourage studies in the environmental sciences fields and specifically on priorities of OHM. These domains are listed below and can be treated in the framework of one or more OHM.
- Written by Corinne Pardo
Le programme et le formulaire d'inscription pour le prochain séminairede l'Observatoire Hommes-Milieux du Bassin Minier de Provence sont en ligne !
Cette rencontre aura lieu le Mardi 10 Octobre 2017 à la Salle des Fêtes du Complexe des Terres Blanches à Bouc Bel Air (13320).
Nous vous attendons nombreux pour des échanges fructueux !
- Written by Corinne
The link for the radio show – Click /Antena 1- where Elisabete Figueiredo talk about the project ‘A Fábrica e a Vida’ (from minute 7:30 onwards)
- Written by Corinne
Les 3 projets lauréats d'un contrat de recherche post-doctoral d'un an du CNRS-Labex DRIIHM pour l'année 2017 sont :
- Sousa Ana Caterina pour l'OHMI Estarreja avec le projet : "MultiRespira - Multidisciplinary approach to understand the role of environmental contaminants in respiratory diseases in Estarreja Region"
- André Evette pour l'OHM Vallée du Rhône avec le projet : "Successions écologiques et évolution des milieux riverains issus de la restauration écologique du vieux Rhône de Péage de Roussillon"
- Xavier Rochel et Vincent Robin pour l'OHM Pays de Bitche avec le projet : "Histoire et impact de l'utilisation des ressources ligneuses sur le passé et l'état actuel des forêts du Pays de Bitche"
Deux projets sont classés en liste complémentaire en cas de désistement des précédents :
- Stéphane Blanc et Chantal Simon pour l'OHMI Tessekere avec le projet : "Physical Activity Transition and weight: Study of the epidemiological transition of the Peuls around the Great Green Wall"
- Eric Foulquier pour l'OHM Port Caraïbe avec le projet : "De l’autorité portuaire à l’autorité territoriale. Mutations des systèmes d’acteurs sous l’effet du modèle de gestion dit du landlord port"
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