SOILgenoMIC - How the contamination of irrigation water ends up in impacts on the genomic diversity and functions of the soil microbial community?
Anabela Cachada
Nuno Durães, Ana Cláudia Dias, Carla Patinha, Armando da Costa Duarte, Joana Lourenço, Tânia Caetano, Sónia Mendo, Ruth Pereira
Type de projet
Projet OHM
Biogéochimie, Biologie, Chimie, Écologie, Génomique
Soil is a vital resource responsible by multiple ecosystem services, crucial for the wellbeing and sustainability of human populations. Only in the last decades, faced with the level of degradation of soils within its territory, the European Commission has recognized the importance of soil functions. Indeed, it is now accepted that the maintenance of soil quality is vital for the European economic competitiveness. For centuries human activities have negatively affected soil functions, for example, through point/diffuse contamination. Estarreja is known for its large chemical complex, and several studies and projects were performed in the region to evaluate the presence of contaminants in groundwater, soil and biota. Some hotspots of contamination (both organic and inorganic) were identified in groundwater, which is used to irrigate farmlands. The cycling of contaminants between soils and aquifers may progressively affect the diversity and key specialized functions of the soil microbial community, especially important in agricultural soils.
Thus, due to the importance of agricultural activity in the region (occupying 54% of land), it is crucial to understand how soils health may be affected by this source of contamination. Therefore, with this project we intend to link these two aspects by measuring some ecological key indicators (e.g.: the structural diversity of the soil microbial community, the degradation of soil organic matter and the activity of enzymes involved in the main geochemical cycles) to assess how the circulation of contaminants between aquifers and local agricultural soils is affecting the quality of this resource compromising its use for agriculture.


Anabela Cachada
2019-12-21 08:40:25
2019-12-16 18:20:11
Anabela Cachada
Anabela Cachada PhD is a researcher in the area of Risk Assessment and Soil Pollution at CIIMAR & University of Porto (Portugal). She has a PhD in Chemistry (University of Aveiro, Portugal), a Master in Geochemistry (University of Aveiro, Portugal), and a degree in Environmental Engineering and of the Natural Resources (University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal). She has been working during several years on soil pollution, particularly with organic contaminants. Nowadays she is particularly interested in the risk assessment of contaminated soils and in the understanding about how soil pollution affect ecosystem services. She participated in 23 multidisciplinary research projects (including two European funded projects), related to soil pollution monitoring and with the behavior of contaminants in the environment. She is the author/co-author of 31 papers published in international journals indexed in Science Citation Index (h-index 15), two book chapters, and she has 25 oral communications and 56 poster presentations in international conferences. Anabela Cachada is member of the national committee at ISO/TC 190. She is also an editorial Board Member of the journal Data in Brief (Elsevier) and of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (MDPI).


Nuno Miguel dos Santos Durães is graduated in Geology (2005), has a post-graduation in Prospection and Evaluation of Geological Resources – Mineral Resources branch (2006) and a PhD in Geosciences (2011) by Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto. At this moment, he is a Post-doc research fellow from Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT – Portugal) at GEOBIOTEC – Department of Geosciences, University of Aveiro, developing work dedicated to biogeochemical interaction processes of REE in plants. His research has been devoted to supergenic and environmental geochemistry, biogeochemistry and mineralogy areas. He has author of 12 articles published in SCI journals, 6 articles in national and international journals, 16 abstracts and extended-abstracts in congresses book chapters and 28 communications in national and international conferences. He has a member of 4 scientific projects and reviewer of SCI-journals.
Ana Cláudia M.
Ana Cláudia M. Dias is graduated in Chemistry by the Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto in 2007 and completed the M.Sc. degree in Chemistry by the same university in 2008. In September of 2008 began her activities at Geosciences Department of the University of Aveiro as a fellowship of the project PTDC/CTE-GEX/68523/2006: URBSOIL-LISBON- Geochemical survey of Lisbon urban soils: a baseline for future human health studies. Since 2009, Ana Cláudia M. Dias is a Superior Technician in the geochemistry/hydrochemistry laboratory of the University of Aveiro, collaborator in the research team GeoBioTec – GeoBioSciences, GeoTechnologies and GeoEngineering and has been participating in several R & D Projects. Since finished the M.Sc. degree, Ana Cláudia M. Dias published as a co-author 12 papers in ISI journals, 2 Newsletters, 1 chapter book and about 52 papers in National and International Conferences Proceedings. Ana Cláudia M. Dias participates in the 2nd BARGE...
Carla Patinha has a Degree in Geological Engineering by the University of Aveiro, M.Sc. degree in Geochemistry and a PhD in Earth Sciences by the same institution. In June of 2005 began her activities at Geosciences Department of the University of Aveiro as Superior technician, assuming the management of geochemistry and hydrochemistry laboratories at the University of Aveiro. Her main areas of scientific activity are the research on new analytical methodologies, environmental geochemistry and health and urban geochemistry. Present research interests include research on human bioaccessibility, solid-phase distribution of potentially harmful elements to human health, and health risk assessment studies on ground-level /household dusts and water. She is member of the International Association of Medical Geology, member of the Bioaccessibility Research Group of Europe (BARGE) and member of the OHM-Estarreja. She has been participating and coordinating several national R & D Projects....
Armando da Costa
Armando Duarte is a Professor of Chemistry in the Department of Chemistry (University of Aveiro, Portugal). It has a degree in PhD in Chemical Engineering (University of Porto, Portugal) and a PhD in Public Health Engineering (University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK). He is an expertise in Environmental Analytical Chemistry and he is particularly interested on the behavior of contaminants in different environmental compartments and on the characterization of natural organic matter. He was Supervisior of 17 PhDs students and 14 Post-doc fellows and has participated and/or coordinated more than 15 funded projects by FCT and European Commission. He has 387 articles in SCI journals (h index of 36), and was editor of 5 books of international distribution and published more than 20 chapters in books. He has presented more than 250 oral/poster communications in scientific meetings.
Joana Isabel do Vale
Joana Lourenço, PhD since 2012 (by the University of Aveiro) in the area of Molecular Biology and Genetics, had her degree in Biology in 2006, by the University of Évora. She is currently a Post-Doc researcher in the University of Aveiro in the area of Genetic Toxicology. Her expertise is focused on the study of the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of the exposure to xenobiotics in soil organisms (earthworms, colembolans, mice, etc). She is particularly interested in DNA damage and mutations detection and the analysis of gene expression alterations. She has published 12 papers in international scientific periodicals with referees. She has presented 11 oral communications in international conferences, workshops and courses and 12 poster presentations in international conferences. She was also awarded best oral presentation in an international conference in 2012. She also acts as a reviewer for several WoS journals.
Tânia Caetano gained her PhD in Biology in 2012, conceded by University of Aveiro. Since 2013 she is a Post Doctoral researcher in the Department of Biology and CESAM of University of Aveiro. In the last three years she has been involved in teaching Microbial Genetics and Physiology and related subjects to MsC courses. She was PI of one exploratory project conceded by Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) on the thematics of improvement of lantibiotics production in Gram negative bacteria. She is author/co-author of 15 papers published in WoS journals. She supervised 5 MSc students. She is a reviewer for various WoS Journals. Presently, she is focused on the study of the biosynthesis of lanthipeptides in Archaea. Also, she is collaborating in projects that involve the characterization of the bacterial communities associated with Portuguese ungulates, mainly including: i) knowledge of their microbiome, ii) identification of pathogenic bacteria and iii) assessment...
Sónia Alexandra Leite Velho
Sónia Mendo, PhD, is since 1999 Assistant Professor at the Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, and since 2013, Assistant professor with Habilitation in the same department. She has been involved in teaching Microbiology, Genetics and related subjects to undergraduate and post-graduate courses. In the past years the research lines of her group focused on: i) Microbial Biotechnology: a) search and manipulation of new peptide antibiotics, b) Resistance xenobiotics; Bacterial resistance to antibiotics and xenobiotics (from clinical and environmental sources); iii) Genotoxicity of eukaryotes exposed to environmental contaminants. She has participated in a number of projects related to the above referred topics. She was PI of three projects on the thematics of bacterial resistance to xenobitocs, funded by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT), and participated as team member in 13 other projects including an European InterReg. She is author/co-author of 52...
Ruth Pereira, PhD in Biology, is since 2011 Assistant Professor at the Department of Biology of the Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto, and coordinator of the Research Group in Soil and Water Interactions: Risk assessment. Her main research interests are related with risk assessment of contaminated sites, and of new chemical substances and terrestrial ecotoxicology.
As a result of her research activity she is the author/co-author of 96 publications in international journals indexed in Science Citation Index (h-index 19), 8 papers in national journals with peer review and 8 papers published in conference proceedings. She has also participated in multiple national and international conferences. She is/was the supervisor of 5 post-doctoral students, 14 doctoral students, (8 concluded), 31 MSc students (29 concluded) and 11 internship students. Thirteen PhD students and all the Post-doctoral students awarded grants from FCT. Ruth Pereira was coordinator of an international...