Laureate of the Laboratory for Excellence project (LabEx) in the program « Investment in the future », the DRIIHM LabEx, Device for Interdisciplinary Research on human-environments Interactions, aggregate 131 human-environments observatories (OHM in french). Their network (ROHM in french) is a CNRS-INEE tool since 2007. This LabEx was set up for 8 years (February 2012-December 2019) with a € 6.5 million budget and now, for another five years (2020-2024).
1 13 observatories : Provence coalfield (Provence, France), Oyapock (French Guyana), Estarreja (Portugal), Tessekere (Senegal), Pyrenees-Haut Vicdessos (France), Rhone Valley (France), French mediterranean coastal zone (France), Nunavik (Canada), Bitche county (France), Pima County (USA), Caribbean coast (Guadeloupe, France), Patagonia-Bahia Exploradores (Chile) and Fessenheim (France).
The DRIIHM helps the OHM in their mission : observe anthropized socio-ecosystems and their complexity. Search tool, it organizes observations, experiments, modeling and data preservation to contribute to sustainable development.
The Device develops the pooling of resources, skills, experiences and reflections. It ensures the long-term conservation of the work of the community, data or metadata, by promoting the harmonization of practices and ensuring their sustainability and availability.
As a LabEx the DRIIHM is an intermediary between research and civil society, political actors and society.
Promote applied research in Ecology (Biodiversity andhuman-environments interactions) to respond to the complexity of the anthropized socio-ecosystems. These actions are :
- Funding of research projects, doctoral and post-doctoral contracts. Research projects are opened under OHM or their network.
- Linking OHM data to promote their availability, consultation and hybridization of questions, the co-construction, sharing of expertise and pooling of tools and knowledge.
- Scientific activities through annual meetings (seminars, theme days, summer schools ...) to stimulate reflection on the OHM system, to theorize on practices, to create a real community and improve its functioning.
- Home of a renowned scientist, to animate the device for a year focusing on the research topic that is his in the thinking in OHM perspective.
- Communication to civil society, participation in the celebration of science, receptions school, conference or restitution about research, broadcast journalism media.
Networking, OHMs monitoring and the operation of the device are provided by various bodies: a governing board, a scientific council, a conference of OHMs directors, a council of strategic direction, and project managers. Scientific and technical director incorporates all these bodies.
- Stéphanie Thiébault, palaeobotanist - INEE Director
- Sylvain Lamare, Pr. University of la Rochelle / UMR 7266 LIENSs, DAS in charge of functional ecology
- Luc Abbadie, ecologist - l'IEES Paris Director
- Robert Chenorkian, pre-historian, OHMs creator - DAS in charge of monitoring and development of OHMs and scientific and technical director of the LabEx
The scientific council is a consultative body responsible for assisting the scientific and technical director and the governing board in scientific monitoring. It consists of eight scientists (currently a renewal) chosen for their experience and expertise in the DRIIHM research areas.
- Its President : Thierry Heulin microbiologist - DR CNRS - CEA / DSV, ECCOREV Director
- Yildiz Aumeeruddy Thomas, ethnobiologist, ethnobotanist - DR CNRS, UMR5175 CEFE
- Stéphane Blanc, biologist - DR CNRS, DAS INEE, IPHC, Future Earth, MI
- Hélène Budzinski, physicologist, toxicologist-chemist of natural systems and organic contaminants - DR CNRS, UMR 5255, ISM
- Agathe Euzen, anthropologist, environmentalist - DR CNRS, LATTS
- Josette Garnier, hydrobiologist, biologist, geochemist - DR CNRS President , FR 3020, FIRE
- Nathalie Hervé-Fournereau, environment lawyer - DR CNRS, UMR 6224, IODE
- Yves Perrette, archivist, geo-physical-chemist - DR CNRS, UMR 5204, EDYTEM
The OHM Conference directors provides running the network and examines the evolution of the network (creation of new OHM, changes in the perimeter of certains Observatories, ...) and mediates between the network and the institutional and academic partners. It consists of the scientific and technical director of the LabEx, who presides, and all directors and OHM do-directors :
- Dominique Badariotti (Pr Geographer) for Fessenheim OHM
- Sylvie Blangy (socio-geographer IR), Monique Bernier (geography PR - remote sensing) for Nunavik OHMI
- Gilles Boëtsch (bio-anthropologis DRt) Alliou Guissé (botanist Pr) for OHIM Tessekere OHM
- Damien Davy (ethnologist IR) for Oyapock OHM
- Didier Galop (palaeobotanist DR) for Pyrenees OHM
- Anne-Marie Guihard-Costa (bio-anthropologist DR), Eduardo Da Silva (Geosciences Pr) for Estarreja OHMI
- Fabien Hein (MCF Sociologist) for Bitche County OHM
- Pascal-Jean Lopez (Biologist DR) for Caraïb Port OHM
- Yves Noack (atmospheric chemist DR) for Provence coalfield OHM
- Hervé Piégay (geographer DR) for OHM Rhone Valley OHM
- Franck Poupeau (sociologist DR) for Pima County OHM
- Samuel Robert (geographer CR) for french mediterranean coastal zone OHM
- Alejandro Salazar Burrows (Géographe) for Bahia Exploradores OHMi
The Strategic Orientation Committee (COS) meets the leadership of the device, the CoDir and representatives of partners who invest in the device : organizations or ministries, academic partners, economic partners. It is being finalized.
Project managers : some actions of the device requires skills and regular monitoring : device governance, communication around the device, databases establishment and computer maintenance.
- Governance Project Manager : Corinne Pardo
- Web Project Manager and Research Data Management : Mathieu Massaviol
The OHM have themselves animation and governance structures, with a governing board, a steering committee and a strategic planning committee.
The DRIIHM is open to all potential partners. Their involvement can be at different levels of governance: steering committees, OHM strategic boards directions or LabEx strategic board direction. During the project selection by ARN, 125 partnerships were already identified : 60% with research units (77), rest with organizations or local authorities (17), administrations (12) or environmental management organizations (12).
Companies are invited to participate in support of a specific research or test specific equipment, integration into an information network ... For now these partnerships developed at the OHM (Veolia, Klorane and EDF for Tessekere OHIM, EDF for Haut-Vicdessos OHM, Rio Tinto, Lafarge Ciments and SNET for Provence coadfield OHM). A privileged entry is also possible in the network through participation on specific topics proposed for APR.
The relationship with local authorities (municipalities, municipal associations, state, region) and the populations (residents, users, associations ...) is essential given the DRIIHM studies. The work carried are about highly sensitive themes (result of pollution and resilience, public health issues, efficiency of remediation ...),and it is important to make progress by informing the authorities and the populations or in partnership with them. The working logic of DRIIHM includes actors in all questions, since the co-construction projects at the presentation of the results.
An OHM is a study tool of anthropized socio-ecosystems, designed to meet their complexity through a comprehensive approach combining environmental sciences and creating the dynamics for the development of interdisciplinarity. Each OHM is organized around a focal object – which will be studied by the sciences of the environment – a founding event came deeply upset (eg : a mining area – objet – and stop operation – event founder). Beyond this framework, OHM organize moments of exchange between all disciplines to allow their interactions. They build together the OHM project, identify issues to be addressed and periodically re-evaluate their appropriateness in light of the progress of the research undertaken and exchanges that accompany them.
The OHM have three functions of research and observation, organization and sustainability data, and facilitating operations incentive to reflection and scientific exchange. Their purpose is interdisciplinary applied to the study of anthropized socio-ecosystems, creating the conditions for the appearance of links between disciplines and promoting the development of interdisciplinary issues in the study of complex systems. The OHM system is thus a tool to promote interdisciplinarity in the field of global ecology.
This system was designed and created by the CNRS in 2007, in the Department of Environment and Sustainable Development, then in Ecology and Environment Institute (INEE), where he has developed since. It is now composed of 13 national and international observatories (Provence coalfield, Oyapock (French Guyana), Estarreja (Portugal), Tessekere (Senegal), Pyrenees-haut Vicdessos, Rhône Valley, French mediterranean coastal zone, Nunavik (Canada), Bitche county, Pima County (USA), Caribbean coast, Patagonia-Bahia Exploradores (Chile) and Fessenheim.